"The doors of the schools have opened to a new generation of children. Your responsibilities, great in the past and greatly met, are still greater today."

Woodrow Wilson-Advocate-September 19, 1918


I needs somebody...

Teacher resources are still in the works. If you wish to contribute just let me know. I would accept any kind of lesson plan that utilizes the information in these pages. Creativity is the key. Below is an example of what could be done. The following lesson plan will soon be available as a PDF (I ran out of time, it also needs fleshing out).

Compare and Contrast-Gender Roles-Stereotypes

Brief Description

Students use illustrations from the 1919 Links, and the 1943 Advocate, to compare and contrast gender roles and stereotypes using a Venn Diagram.


Students write a full paragraph with topic sentence.


Students compare and contrast gender roles and gender stereotypes in relation to life during wartime using two illustrations. One illustration from World War One and one from World War Two. Students understand all vocabulary.

Lesson Plan Extension

Students write a complete paragraph comparing and contrasting gender roles. Each paragraph must have a topic sentence.



Compare- To consider or describe as similar, equal, or analogous; liken.

Contrast- To set in opposition in order to show or emphasize difference. paragraph.

Gender- Sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture.

Role- The characteristic and expected social behavior of an individual.

Gender Role-the overt expression of attitudes that indicate to others the degree of your maleness or femaleness; "your gender role is the public expression of your gender identity"

Stereotype- A conventional, formulaic, and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image.

Observation-(Click here for more ideas)

Venn Diagram-A drawing which uses circles to show the relationships between different sets.

Materials Needed



Lesson Plan

Understanding Venn Diagrams, Compare and Contrast Gender roles and stereotypes.

  1. Write vocabulary words on the board or print and distribute to students. Have students read along as you read the definitions of each vocabulary word. Offer examples if students are unclear. (Click here for more ideas)
  2. Ask students to give personal examples of what the vocabulary words mean to them, promote creativity.
  3. Place students in small groups or run lesson plan individually. Introduce the concepts of compare and contrast by asking students to compare and contrast an apple and an orange verbally or on paper. Have students list as many similarities and differences between the two fruits. Offer extra points for the most items.(Click here for more ideas)
  4. Draw a large Venn diagram on the board. Explain to students that you are going to compare and contrast an apple and an orange in a special chart called a Venn diagram.
  5. Explain the concept of a Venn diagram. Label one section apple, one section orange, and the middle section both. (Click here for more ideas)
  6. Have students share their verbal or written comparisons of apples and oranges. Complete the Venn diagram on the board using this information.
  7. Explain to students that they or their groups are going to create their own Venn diagrams, but not about apples and oranges.
  8. Pass out a large sheet paper to each group or student. Have students draw a Venn diagram on the paper and label one section The Boy I Left Behind, one section In Step with Johnny Doughboy, and the middle section Both.
  9. Pass out one copy of The Boy I Left Behind illustration, and one copy of the In Step with Johnny Doughboy illustration to each group or student.(Click here for more ideas.)
  10. Have students spend 10 to 15 minutes filling in their diagrams with descriptions of the illustrations using observation. Tell the students to list as many objects, people, and behaviors that they can. Specifically have the students compare the role of both the men and the women in each illustration. Have the students describe facial expressions, mode of dress, and actions of the men and women in the illustrations. Have the students compare the message each illustration is trying to convey.

9. Draw a new Venn diagram on the board. Ask students to share some of their written comparisons of The Boy I Left Behind illustration and the In Step with Johnny Doughboy illustration . Fill in students' responses. Give extra points for most items.

10. Have students use their Venn diagrams to write paragraphs comparing and contrasting The Boy I Left Behind illustration and the In Step with Johnny Doughboy illustration . Explain that each paragraph must begin with a topic sentence.

If students are not familiar with topic sentences implement the following extension.
  1. Draw a huge tent on the board. Explain that a topic sentence is like an tent It is like a tent because it covers the entire paragraph.
  2. In small groups, have students come up with several possible topic sentences for a paragraph comparing and contrasting The Boy I Left Behind illustration and the In Step with Johnny Doughboy illustration . Have the class vote on the topic sentence they prefer, then write that sentence in the umbrella. Have the whole class use this sentence as their topic sentence.
  3. Explain that every sentence in their paragraph has to go along with the topic sentence. Write a sentence like "My dog has fleas" under the umbrella. Then write a sentence like "Gender roles change during wartime." Ask the students which topic sentence that should fit under the tent. This will help students get the idea of the purpose of a topic sentence.

11. Have students individually, or in groups, write a paragraph comparing and contrasting the The Boy I Left Behind illustration and the In Step with Johnny Doughboy illustration. Encourage students to use their Venn Diagrams to prompt ideas to complete their paragraph.

12.Ask students to volunteer to read their paragraphs to the class.


  1. Use the paragraph students write to assign a grade based on their comprehension of the use of the Venn diagram and ability to use it as a tool to write a logical paragraph.

  2. Use Venn Diagram to asses students awareness of compare and contrast.